Respiratory Care 49 (October 2004); Kretchmer, Paul. You should frame your suggestions by linking the need for further research to the limitations of your study [e.g., in future studies, the survey instrument should include more questions that ask..."] or linking to critical issues revealed from the data that were not considered initially in your research. Begin this part of the section by repeating what you consider to be your most important finding first. It is important to remember that the purpose of research is to discover and not to prove. This division of work is helping in bringing specialization in various activities of concern. MacCoun, Robert J. Organizing is highly complex and often involves a systematic review of human resources, finances, and priorities. The sequencing of providing this information is important; first state the answer, then the relevant results, then cite the work of others. More often, though, they affect it only indirectly. Note that any significant or unanticipated finding is often because there was no prior research to indicate the finding could occur. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. Obviously, you must refer to your results when discussing them, but focus on the, Azar, Beth. The discussion section should remain focused on the findings of your study. Department of Biology. If needed, use subheadings to help organize your presentation or to group your interpretations into themes. Note any unanswered questions or issues your study did not address, and.... Briefly reiterate for your readers the research problem or problems you are investigating and the methods you used to investigate them, then move quickly to describe the major findings of the study. Interview-based research is organized by topics, whereas screen-based research is … Use the same terms, academic writing style that was used throughout your research paper 3. Analyzing vs. Summarizing. Annesley, Thomas M. “The Discussion Section: Your Closing Argument.” Clinical Chemistry 56 (November 2010): 1671-1674. Sometimes your professor will encourage you to expand your discussion of the results in this way, while others don’t care what your opinion is beyond your effort to interpret the data in relation to the research problem. Invite the right people. San Francisco Edit, 2003-2008. Systematically explain the meaning of the findings and why you believe they are important. When writing the discussion section, you should carefully consider all possible explanations for the study results, rather than just those that fit your prior assumptions or biases. It is a function in which the synchronization and combination of human, physical and financial resources takes place. A good moderator actively directs the discussion and doesn’t just sit back and let panelists drone … The article starts by outlining the main goals and writing approaches. ", One of the most common mistakes that you can make when discussing the results of your study is to present a superficial interpretation of the findings that more or less re-states the results section of your paper. The purpose of the discussion is to interpret and describe the significance of your findings in light of what was already known about the research problem being investigated, and to explain any new understanding or fresh insights about the problem after you've taken the findings into consideration. Azar, Beth. It is far better for you to identify and acknowledge your study’s limitations than to have them pointed out by your professor! The discussion assignment provides a forum for debating topics that may not have one clear answer. Provide food and drink. You should write a direct, declarative, and succinct proclamation of the study results, usually in one paragraph. This section is often considered the most important part of a research paper because it most effectively demonstrates your ability as a researcher to think critically about an issue, to develop creative solutions to problems based on the findings, and to formulate a deeper, more profound understanding of the research problem you are studying. Combine standard flatware trays and bigger sizes for cooking tools to create a perfect fit. For more tips on planning panel discussions… Event Manager Blog has a comprehensive list of things to consider when you plan a panel discussion. This part of the discussion should begin with a description of the unanticipated finding, followed by a brief interpretation as to why you believe it appeared and, if necessary, its possible significance in relation to the overall study. It is far better for you to identify and acknowledge your study’s limitations than to have them pointed out by your professor! Plus, some handy templates. No study in the social sciences is so novel or possesses such a restricted focus that it has absolutely no relation to previously published research. Explain the Meaning of the Findings and Why They are Important. University of North Carolina; Schafer, Mickey S. Writing the Discussion. Writing in Psychology course syllabus. This is important because comparing and contrasting the findings of other studies helps to support the overall importance of your results and it highlights how and in what ways your study differs from other research about the topic. Organize the discussion forums. Use the same key terms, mode of narration, and verb tense [present] that you used when when describing the research problem in … The discussion section should end with a concise summary of the principal implications of the findings regardless of their significance. Use the same key terms, narrative style, and verb tense [present] that you used when describing the research problem in your introduction. Briefly reiterate the research problem or problems you are investigating and the methods you used to investigate them, then move quickly to describe the major findings of the study. Interpretation is a subjective exercise. Analyzing vs. Summarizing. Note any unanswered questions or issues your study did not address and describe the generalizability of your results to other situations. Consider the likelihood that no one has thought as long and hard about your study as you have. During the organizing process, managers coordinate employees, resources, policies, and procedures to facilitate the goals identified in the plan. Begin by briefly re-stating the research problem you were investigating and answer all of the research questions underpinning the problem that you posed in the introduction. Subscriptions You can subscribe to a specific discussion topic by clicking on the subscribe link below the original post. Regardless of where it's mentioned, a good discussion section includes analysis of any unexpected findings. NOTE: Besides the literature review section, the preponderance of references to sources is usually found in the discussion section. Data (Grounds): You should use evidence t… You should make suggestions for further research in the discussion section. If there is prior research to indicate this, you need to explain why it was significant or unanticipated. The conclusion is intended to help the reader understand why your research should matter to them after they have finished reading the paper. ... discussion discussion section active learning writing collaborative learning motivation conceptual knowledge analysis problem solving reading & composition courses participation group work reading strategies visual learning critical thinking role play and simulation Full tag list. Although your study may offer important insights about the research problem, other questions related to the problem likely remain unanswered. Organize the discussion from the general to the specific, linking your findings to the literature, then to theory, then to practice [if appropriate]. This part of the paper is not strictly governed by objective reporting of information but, rather, it is where you can engage in creative thinking about issues through evidence-based interpretation of findings. The discussion will always connect to the introduction by way of the research questions or hypotheses you posed and the literature you reviewed, but the discussion does not simply repeat or rearrange the first parts of your paper; the discussion clearly explain how your study advanced the reader's understanding of the research problem from where you left them at the end of your review of prior research. This would demonstrate to the reader that you have inadequately examined and interpreted the data. It is important to remember that the purpose of research in the social sciences is to discover and not to prove. VI. Fourteen Steps to Writing to Writing an Effective Discussion Section. You don’t want to force the reader to go through the paper multiple times to figure out what it all means. II. The discussion section should relate your results to those found in other studies, particularly if questions raised from prior studies served as the motivation for your research. A few historical references may be helpful for perspective but most of the references should be relatively recent and included to aid in the interpretation of your results and/or linked to similar studies. The Organization. Department of English Writing Guide. Using the bin is an effective way to keep discussion focused and it helps people hold onto their thoughts and ideas without being disruptive to the meeting. The order of interpreting each major finding should be in the same order as they were described in your results section. After reading the discussion section, you want the reader to think about the results [“why hadn’t I thought of that?”]. Azar, Beth. The Toulmin Method is a formula that allows writers to build a sturdy logical foundation for their arguments. Once you have identified a meeting place … Use the same key terms, mode of narration, and verb tense [present] that you used when when describing the research problem in the introduction. If you feel compelled to speculate, be certain that you clearly identify your comments as speculation or as a suggestion for where further research is needed. Discussion Chapter: Main Goals and Writing Approaches You should always keep in […] The main trick to imposing organization is to know some options and to choose one. Consider Alternative Explanations of the Findings. Department of Biology. University of Florida; Yellin, Linda L. 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