Put your swords away, you are not going to use them. 5) How does Iago use Bianca to trick Othello? The action centers on his plot against Othello. But this does not mean that he is not being driven by anything. His first plot is to try to prevent Othello’s marriage to Desdemona, the beautiful daughter of Brabantio, by telling Brabantio that Othello and Desdemona have already slept together even though they are not married. Othello, a black man, has gained the love of Desdemona, the daughter of a wealthy citizen. Each time she suggests, ? Iago uses Desdemona’s love for Othello for his plan, by making her try to get Cassio to get back in Othello’s graces. Othello Essay: Fate or chance appears to side with Iago in his plot to bring about the downfall of Othello and Desdemona. Iago is using Roderigo to help him in his plans and he has already hatched a plot to make Othello believe Cassio is having an affair with Desdemona – in a double revenge. a north African Muslim). Brabantio summons Othello before the court, but Othello convinces him that he and Desdemona have not yet lain together, and the two of them are married. Things to Notice in Act 1 Notice what Iago says about Othello in the opening scene. As they wait for Desdemona to arrive, Othello says that Brabantio used to invite him to his house to hear his life story, with all its dramatic tales of travel, battle, and valor. From the beginning of the play, Othello, a moor, is considered an ill-suited match for the Venetian, fair and beautiful Desdemona by other characters. Iago takes advantage of other people’s trust, especially the trust Othello assigns him with. Montano asks what's the matter and Cassio rages, "A knave teach me my duty! When Desdemona accidentally leaves it in Emilia's presence, Emilia takes it to Iago without knowing that he will use it to manipulate Othello into thinking Desdemona has cheated on him with his right hand man and best friend, Cassio. As a result, when Desdemona does intercede on Cassio’s behalf, Othello becomes very jealous and suspicious. When Othello asks Desdemona where her handkerchief is, she confesses that she has lost it; meanwhile, Cassio gives it to Bianca, his mistress, little realising that the handkerchief is part of Iago’s grand plan to implicate him in an imaginary affair. First, he makes his hero noble, but unusually flawed. Spoken by the main antagonist Iago, while helping the rich Roderigo in … He uses many characters to his advantage, realizing how … Iago’s sneaky mannerism is display when he says to Othello “it were not for your quiet… to let you know my thoughts” Iago is not revealing his thoughts on Cassio and Desdemona, as Iago knows this will make Othello believe that Iago is trying to protect him, and create the appearance that he is on Othello’s side. Iago expects to be promoted to the rank of lieutenant, but instead Othello passes him over in favour of Cassio. Revenge shapes the play Othello, its plot and characters. We cannot be sure why he is doing what he is doing. Othello is also unlike many of Shakespeare’s other great tragedies, with the possible exception of Romeo and Juliet, in that its plot could easily have been co-opted for a comedy rather than a tragedy, where the confusion created by Iago’s plotting is resolved, the villain is punished, and the hero and heroine are reconciled to live happily ever after. Iago then tells Roderigo to kill Cassio, but Roderigo fails, so Iago kills him so nobody will find out about the plan. Answered by Aslan on 12/20/2020 8:42 PM View All Answers. Iago’s main goal is to get Othello and Cassio out of the army, but in the end fails to ruin Cassio’s life, only Othello’s. They marry in secret and although that is frowned upon by the city authorities Othello is a military hero and Venice is in deep trouble. Honest Iago plays as a Villain who at first wanted to help his friend Rodrigo out by putting in a good word to a women named Desdemona. But Shakespeare does several very interesting, and artistically quite bold, things with this basic plot, and the characters he uses to tell the story. All heroes have a tragic flaw, of course: Macbeth’s is his ‘vaulting ambition’, Hamlet’s is his habit of delaying or over-analysing (although the extent to which he actually delays can be questioned), and so on. He tells Iago to kill Cassio, and he publicly strikes Desdemona, accusing her in front of everyone. Iago uses Desdemona’s friendliness for his own evil plan. He looks at Iago’s last appearance and observes, “The last Speech, the motive-hunting of motiveless Malignity -- how awful! Iago suggests that she is having sexual relations with other men, possibly Cassio, and continues on as if nothing has happened. Using the knowledge of his love for Desdemona, Iago manages to turn Roderigo against Cassio by telling him that “Desdemona is directly in love with him.” (2.1.210). Iago?s suggestions to Othello will cause him to construe Desdemona?s pleas for Cassio, as pleas for her paramour. Othello claims not to be jealous; though it is obvious from his manner that this is untrue. ‘' I have very poor and unhappy brains for drinking.’’ Lago: Lago is the antagonist of the play. Notice what Iago says about Othello in the opening scene. What “proof” does Iago use to convince Roderigo that Cassio and Desdemona are lovers? Iago’s ambition, Desdemona’s love for Othello, and Emilia’s loyalty in Iago and Desdemona are also tragic flaws. English A1 Course Companion Oxford University combine with other fears Iago has planted, and drive Othello almost mad with jealousy. Iago does the plotting alone; Roderigo is his dupe and has no more idea how he is being used than Cassio does. Othello begins with some dialogue explaining the setting, plot and characters. Uses imagery to describe the effect he thought of his wife’s affair with Othello has on him He compares the feeling to a poisonous mineral working on his stomach Iago is clearly jealous of othello and uses this rumour as justification for his actions He refers to squaring things “wife for wife” suggesting he fully intends to use Desdemona in order to destroy othello Iago is incredibly organized, mischievous and will stop at nothing to humiliate Cassio and his general. The only characters whose view of Othello is not distorted by racial stereotyping are Desdemona and Cassio. ... How will Iago use Cassio's weakness to further his plot? He argues that since Desdemona has committed her crimes … Just then Iago begins to reap some of the fruits of his scheming. Iago is … In that scene, it becomes apparent how Iago is able to use other people’s thoughts and suspicions against themselves. Othello gives Iago the duty of conveying Desdemona to Cyprus. Cassio gives it to his mistress, Bianca. The handkerchief given by Othello to Desdemona is a symbol of his love and gratitude towards her, and was a token that binds their marriage. Iago counters this threat by telling Roderigo that Desdemona will leave for … Iago, having got hold of a handkerchief of Desdemona’s, which she’d lost (a gift from Othello), hatches a plan to make Othello think his wife has been sleeping with Cassio. At this point, the reader simply assumes that Iago is jealous of Cassio and angry at Othello for appointing Cassio as lieutenant, which leads to the scene in which Iago and Roderigo are alerting Brabantio that Othello is sleeping with Desdemona. His goal is to destroy the life and marriage of Othello even if it means harming others in the process. Finally, Iago counsels Othello to trust only what he sees, not Iago's suspicions. It is not until after Desdemona's murder that Emilia realizes what her husband has done and the role she played in helping him. Othello is a highly respected general and Iago is his ambitious comrade. Iago used Roderigo for his dirty work so that he would not betray his front as “Honest Iago. As a result, Othello rockets out of control and he triumphs (Arenas, 2010). Alone with Iago, Roderigo, now in despair of winning Desdemona’s love, threatens suicide, but Iago persuades him instead to sell his lands for ready cash and to pursue Desdemona to Cyprus. This quotes means that he will do anything to get revenge on Othello. The Moor is courageous and smart in the battlefield but after all his race and colour make him feel like being ostracised. It “doth mock the meet it feeds on”. Yet Shakespeare puts into Iago’s mouth several plausible ‘motives’ for wreaking the confusion and chaos that causes Othello’s downfall and Desdemona’s death, and in providing multiple motives, Iago emerges as ‘motiveless’, to use Coleridge’s famous description (Coleridge described Iago as being possessed of ‘motiveless malignity’). This is a scene of mixed speech and action with the comedy of drunkenness, the visual action of the brawl, and the to-and-fro of arrangements between individuals at the end of the act. On their own, Iago consoles Cassio (who mourns the loss of his good name), and encourages him to believe that he will be reinstated as Othello’s lieutenant, especially if he confides in Desdemona and asks her to plead for him to her husband. Iago advises Cassio to ask Desdemona to speak on his behalf with her husband. To make him look like a drunk in front of important people. Othello, consumed with jealousy, smothers Desdemona to death with a pillow, Emilia (Iago’s wife and Desdemona’s maid) tells Othello that she was the one who found the handkerchief and gave it to her husband; Iago kills her for revealing this, and Othello wounds Iago. Much of Othello proceeds like a comedy that takes a very dark turn at the end, when it becomes apparent that Othello will not be reconciled with Desdemona, and that the sexual jealousy and suspicion he has been made to feel are too deep-rooted to be wiped out. Act 1: In the final speech of Act I, what does Iago plan to do to further his plot against Othello? Iago begins plotting against Othello, the eponymous hero, and turns him against his wife, Desdemona, daughter of the senator of Venice, Brabantio, by telling him of … But Shakespeare’s Iago is more dangerous still: a human, with clearly human attributes and intellect, who nevertheless derives great pleasure from causing harm to others purely because … well, because it gives him pleasure. Iago replies he can't do it because Cassio is his good friend. Iago is delighted to see Cassio holding Desdemona's hand, knowing that he can use the fact against them later. Iago influences every action that takes place in the plot, because he wants to destroy the people who have betrayed him, by planting false thoughts in their heads, so that they give his speeches faith and draw the wrong conclusions. For this reason (at least he claims), Iago declares that he hates Othello and will wreak vengeance on both Othello and Cassio. The scene in which this takes place, the "temptation" scene, is driven as much by Othello's view of Iago as it is by Iago's suggestions. The Duke positively expresses his view on this union and asks Brabantio to accept it. Act 4, Scene 1. Iago says he's going to drop it for Cassio to find.) Realising he has thrown away the life of an innocent woman he loved dearly, Othello kills himself publicly, Cassio is made governor of Cyprus, and Iago is taken off for punishment. In this way, race plays a small but still significant role in Shakespeare’s play. Act II: What dramatic function does the conversation between Montano and the two gentlemen serve? Like a puppet master, Iago uses deception in the play Othello, by William Shakespeare, as a duplicitous being with perfidious views on the demise of others for personal revenge against Othello. Iago plants the handkerchief in Cassio's lodgings, then tells Othello to watch the former commander's reactions while questioning him. Trusting Iago, and mad with jealousy, Othello promotes Iago and asks Iago to help him kill Cassio and Desdemona. Iago continues his insinuations when speaking to Othello; he provides more "proofs" that are anything but, though Othello has calmed, and seems more troubled and less angry. Compare, in this connection, Iago’s role in Othello with that of the villainous Don John in the earlier comedy, Much Ado about Nothing. Asked by Claire H #1083031. Will make it seem like Desdemona will cheat on Othello with Cassio. Iago plants the idea to Othello that something inappropriate may be happening between Cassio and Desdemona, and encourages Othello to pay attention to whether “your lady strain his entertainment / With any strong or vehement importunity” (3.3.). Consequently, he is able to manipulate the characters in an adroit manner with ease as if … Second, Shakespeare doesn’t make Iago, the villain, someone whose motives we can understand. Othello arrives to the sound of trumpets and suggests a feast to celebrate the Venetian victory. His is the husband of Emilia and the ensign/ancient of Othello. In Harold Goddard’s fine phrase, he is ‘a moral pyromaniac setting fire to all of reality’ (this phrase is quoted enthusiastically by Harold Bloom in his Shakespeare: The Invention Of The Human). In Shakespeare’s source material for the play, a novella by the Italian author Cinthio, Iago is straightforwardly evil and devilish, intent on destroying Othello’s life, and with a clear motive. Part of the genius of Shakespeare’s characterisation of Iago is that he makes him a convincing ensign to Othello, a loyal servant to the Moorish warrior, even while he is plotting Othello’s downfall. “the moor” tries to keep a calm mind, and knows that he loves Desdemona but if he thinks that he “loves thee not, chaos comes”, and this doubt is because of Iago. The whole thing is really, of course, Iago’s play, as many critics have observed: if Othello is the tragic lead in the drama, Iago is the stage-manager, director, and dramatist all wrapped up in one. After Cassio falls from Othello’s favor, Iago exploits Desdemona’s eagerness to bring the two men back together : “So will I turn her virtue into pitch / And out of her own goodness make the net” (2.3.). ‘ Although initially speaking to Emilia Iago includes Desdemona by the use of the plural, stating the fact that they do not conduct themselves with skill in the house but are very experienced and skilful in bed. Othello’s tragic flaw of inherent trust haunts him throughout the play. It was a wonderful experience…. But in Much Ado, Hero’s fidelity is proved and Don John’s villainy is exposed, and we have a comedy. He is willing to believe his innocent wife has been unfaithful to him even though he is, to all intents and purposes, devoted to her. Next, in Cyprus on a military campaign, Iago gets Cassio drunk and arranges a brawl, which he makes sure Othello witnesses; Othello has to strip the recently promoted Cassio of his commission. Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. This is a prophetic but deeply ironic warning by Brabantio. ” He needed a way to execute his plan in getting his revenge against Othello without being caught, and he used Roderigo’s love for Desdemona and his foolishness to do so. We’re told that he was sold into slavery in his childhood; presumably he was raised as a Christian. Writers from Dickens to George R. R. Martin have often sorrowfully or gleefully talked of ‘killing off’ their own characters for the amusement of others; Iago wishes to ruin Othello’s marriage for his own amusement or, in Hazlitt’s phrase, ‘stabs men in the dark to prevent ennui’. Othello promotes Michael Cassio to the position of lieutenant and Iago becomes extremely jealous. Jealousy is also a big part as it fuels the vengeance in characters and creates tension and conflict. Desdemona also expresses her true love for Othello. Can you find a line in the text that shows Iago has ulterior motives? A prize. These themes are central to the play’s power, but one of the triumphs of Othello, as the analysis below attempts to demonstrate, is how well Shakespeare weaves different themes and elements together at once. The next technique that he used was that he knew how to use all his options he could use all the tools in his grasp. Desdemona’s dying words are an attempt to exculpate her husband, and Cassio’s first reaction on learning that he has been crippled thanks to Othello’s jealous suspicions is to exclaim “Dear General, I never gave you cause!” I find no evidence that Othello is a Muslim. Cassio agrees, and Iago uses his wife, Emilia, to arrange a private meeting between Cassio and Desdemona. His honesty and frankness towards Desdemona and Emilia would be a new feeling for the audience, used to Iago’s asides, ‘Players in your housewifery, and housewives in. Uses imagery to describe the effect he thought of his wife’s affair with Othello has on him He compares the feeling to a poisonous mineral working on his stomach Iago is clearly jealous of othello and uses this rumour as justification for his actions He refers to squaring things “wife for wife” suggesting he fully intends to use Desdemona in order to destroy othello Iago will use their interaction to further extend his evil plot. They send for her. I had the great good fortune to see the 2007 production of Othello put on at the Donmar Warehouse with Chiwetel Ejiofor in the title role. (See 1.2.50-100) Iago also uses the foolish … This makes him a more interesting tragic hero, in some ways, because he isn’t a spotless hero with one major blind spot: his blind spot is, in a sense, everyone else but himself. Iago is malicious and manipulative. When he didn’t need Roderigo anymore Iago betrayed him by killing him. Iago than quickly changed his motive of helping his friend out, to also wanting Desdemona creating conflict between Roderigo and Desdemona husband, Othello. Before we analyse some of these themes, it might be worth recapping the plot of this great tragedy which has inspired everything from opera (Verdi’s Otello) to a rock musical (Catch My Soul, from the 1960s). Iago has absolutely no shame in turning the minds of his fellow soldiers and friends, including his general, against each other. In spite of jealousy, Iago plots his revenge to bring down Othello by making him believe that his wife, Desdemona, is having an affair with Cassio. This suggestions put Othello into a state of such emotional turmoil that he is lost in a trance. His first plot is to try to prevent Othello’s marriage to Desdemona, the beautiful daughter of Brabantio, by telling Brabantio that Othello and Desdemona have already slept together even though they are not married. Iago's first plot is to reveal to Desdemona's father the secret elopement of his daughter to Othello. Like Iago, Don John wants to wreck the (upcoming) marriage between Claudio and Hero, and sets about convincing Claudio that his bride-to-be cannot be trusted. Iago assures him that this marriage will end once Desdemona is corrupted. [Cassio?s] present reconciliation take? Iago convinces Roderigo about Desdemona’s “affair” with Cassio by pointing out that they held hands. Othello is easily persuaded and this leads him to put his trust in the wrong people. The quote shows Iago’s desire to control every aspect of how his plan will unfold, and also his sinister sense of poetic justice. If the first rule of creative writing class is ‘show don’t tell’, the second or third rule may well be ‘make your characters’ motivations clear’. Iago tells Othello that Desdemona is Cassio's lover. To deal with this, Iago uses Desdemona’s handkerchief which he has just been given to quickly devise a plot which later serves as ocular proof for Othello. Although we only read about him gaining Cassio in his web I’m sure he might have used other to get the trust of the others. and Roderigo comes running on stage, chased by Cassio. After Cassio falls from Othello’s favor, Iago exploits Desdemona’s eagerness to bring the two men back together : “So will I turn her virtue into pitch / And out of her own goodness make the net” (2.3.). He acts as Iago’s lackey and does many things Iago tells him to because … Here, Iago shares his plot to destroy Othello with the audience – since Othello is so gullible, Iago will lead him "by the nose," making Othello believe that his, Othello's, wife is having an affair with Cassio. Your beds! These stories, Othello says, won Desdemona's love. Alone, Iago congratulates himself on how well his plot is going. Things to Notice in Act 1 . Othello admits that he married Desdemona.But he denies using any magic to win her love, and says that Desdemona will support his story. Notice Iago’s soliloquy in Act 1. Iago is suggesting that Desdemona has acted against nature in marrying Othello rather than one of her own kind Iago implies that Desdemona has married Othello because of lust or passion and will eventually realize her error and go back to her own kind Iago manipulating Othello to believe Desdemona isn't really in love with him Othello begins with some dialogue explaining the setting, plot and characters. With every character, it is their ignorance, in some or the other form, that makes them slave to jealousy, damaging their power of reasoning and discretion. (III, iii, 51), ?she shall undo her credit with [Othello]? (II, iii, 379), further. So he does with Othello, by letting him believe that his wife is unfaithful. Throughout the play, Iago's soliloquies disclose to the audience what he does not reveal to the other characters as his plans take shape. Iago is a clever man. Iago & The Othello Plot. (Remember, when Desdemona dropped her handkerchief by accident, Emilia picked it up and gave it to Iago. In this dream, Cassio is meant to have said “Sweet Desdemona / Let us be wary, let us hide our loves.” He then goes on to describe how Cassio began to kiss Iago, and “laid his leg / Over my thigh.” This imagery is so strong because it places Iago in Desdemona’s position, and which somehow makes it more real. He hides the handkerchief in Cassio’s bedchamber and then tells Othello that Cassio has it. Iago falsely assures him so and asks for money. The main action of the play takes place in Venice, as the play’s subtitle, The Moor of Venice, makes clear. I'll beat the knave into a twiggen bottle" (2.3.147-148). 3) Why does Othello care about Desdemona’s handkerchief? The next technique that he used was that he knew how to use all his options he could use all the tools in his grasp. He is a villain, but a charming two-faced one. The “ocular proof” for Othello is not his wife’s words but a cloth material. Iago plans to plant the seeds of jealousy in Othello. Analysis. Iago knows that “the moor already changes with [his] poison” by putting doubt in his mind with the fact that she had given away the Hankercheif. He warns Othello against the dangers of "the green-eyed monster" (3.3.165-7) of jealousy, while at the same time noting that Desdemona did successfully deceive her father. 10) Why does Roderigo agree to kill Cassio. Iago is ensign or flag-bearer to the great military general, Othello, who is a Moor (i.e. Her innocent hopes that “let Cassio be received again” (3.4.) Iago is using Roderigo to help him in his plans and he has already hatched a plot to make Othello believe Cassio is having an affair with Desdemona – in a double revenge. Iago is a complex character that takes evil to a whole new level in the 1600’s and plays a key role in this tale. These tragic flaws are imperative to the play, and without them there would be a lack of plot, conflict, and climax. Iago falsely assures him so and asks for money. He is passed over for a promotion and this trigger jealous and envies which he takes out on the lives of his boss Othello and his boss's wife, Desdemona. Iago refers to Othello not by his name but as 'the Moor', calling him 'the devil' (2.1.216) and 'defective' (2.1.220), a racist portrayal which makes Desdemona's unfaithfulness more believable to Roderigo. In the case of Othello, Iago will use the handkerchief Othello gave Desdemona in order to convince Othello that Desdemona's been cheating. Iago again says that his suspicions are likely false. Iago’s plan works, and Othello is convinced that there is something going on between Cassio and Desdemona. Iago plants the idea to Othello that something inappropriate may be happening between Cassio and Desdemona, and encourages Othello to pay attention to whether “your lady strain his … Through Iago we learn about his plans to use Desdemona so that his plot to seek revenge against Othello comes in tact. The bond between Othello and Desdemona falls weaker and Iago uses it to further weaken Othello and drive him mad at Desdemona. Desdemona is worried about what might have happened to her husband and is comforted by Cassio. But as is so often with a well-known text, we don’t know this one nearly as well as we think we do: Othello has more in it than jealousy, the ‘green-eyed monster’, and (implied) racial hatred. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. We hear someone yelling "help!" Ironically, Brabantio refers to Othello using his “eyes to see,” which is how Othello judges people and situations. 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( Remember, when Desdemona does intercede on Cassio ’ s confidence his. Can not share posts by email University samuel Taylor Coleridge coined the phrase “ motiveless malignity ” to Iago. Cassio ’ s confidence in his scheme to ruin Othello a Moor ( i.e … Desdemona turns for to. So Iago kills him so and asks for money words but a charming two-faced one address! The vengeance in characters and creates tension and conflict question 1 Iago is the husband of Emilia and role... More idea how he is doing plans, as Desdemona dies, Iago congratulates himself on well! But hates him for being a Moor and plots his downfall pointing that!

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