Blechnum spicant Deer Fern Part shade/shade ⩗ ⩗ Caltha palustris Marsh Marigold Sun ⩗ Camassia spp. The larvae of numerous butterfly and moth species use the plants as a food source. Spreading and naturalizing, the foliage fills in to make a loose and fragrant groundcover. Add extra organic matter such as compost or rotted manure at planting time to get the plants off to a good start. Young trees and shrubs can suffer permanent damage from deer browsing. Other qualities to recommend Galium odoratum include its sweet scent (coincidentally repellent to deer) and its cloaking effect, which slows evaporation from soil in dry spots. It is not as lush as when grown with plenty of moisture and more sun. Sweet woodruff is a woodland plant that makes a great groundcover to deter deer. Customer Reviews Based on 9 reviews Write a review An often forgotten herb, sweet woodruff (Galium odoratum) can be a valuable addition to the garden, particularly shade gardens. The Gardenista editors provide a curated selection of product recommendations for your consideration. The square stems hold up six to eight leaves like tiny umbrellas. References: 1 U.S. Government Printing Office: Food and Drug Administration - Food Additives Permitted For Direct Addition To Food For Human Consumption (21 CFR 172.510) Woodruff, Sweet U.S. Forest Service: Galium Aparine, Read articles about: Ground Covers, Herbs, Perennial Flowers. Sep 29, 2013 - Explore Ruth Woodruff's board "sweet woodruff", followed by 135 people on Pinterest. The one-stop sourcebook for the considered home, guiding readers artfully through the remodeling and design process. Sweet woodruff grows about 6 to 10 inches high and is a trailing-rooting ground cover. The 8- to 12-inch (20 to 30 cm.) Tiny white flowers late spring and summer. The leaves, stems and seeds are all covered with hooked hairs that stick like velcro to animal feathers or fur, or to human clothing, ensuring the plant’s wide dispersal. This name was used because the dried plant was used to stuff mattresses since in the Middle Ages where it was also strewn across the floor as a room freshener. It brings an extremely fine and delicate texture to the garden composition and should be used to full effect. This low-growing perennial plant thrives in any soil but is not programmed to take over the earth. Copyright © 2007-2020 Remodelista, LLC. The plant may die back and go dormant in the summer if located in a spot that is too hot and dry.Garden UsesBesides being useful in low light situations, sweet woodruff makes an attractive ground cover and looks right at home in herb and rock gardens. Native geographic location and habitat. The plant is rarely damaged by deer. For information on the growing and care of Gallium, click Growing Guide. Sweet woodruff ( Galium odoratum ) is a durable, shade loving groundcover that combines neat little leaves and adorable white flowers for a visually appealing look. Native Americans used stickywilly to treat dermatitis and other maladies. Today, s… The tiny, white star-shaped blooms, which have a delicious vanilla-like fragrance, appear in mid-spring. Sweet woodruff ( Galium odoratum) is also known as wild baby’s breath, and master of the woods, and bedstraw. It is sometimes confused with Galium triflorum and Galium verum . The small, star shaped flowers appear in late spring and also are rabbit resistant. Clicking through to the retailer that sells the product may earn us a commission. Dyers have long harvested the plant for the red dye yielded from the roots and yellow dye from the tops of the plant. It tends to weave through the garden easily choking out pesky weeds. Featured Companies | Spreading by both underground roots and by self-seeding, it quickly forms a thick mat. As a preschooler, she lovingly tended a small patch of weeds in her backyard. It prefers moist soils, but will survive in dry shade as well. Landscape Attributes. It bears pretty clusters of white star-shaped flowers in spring and has very fragrant, lance-shaped dark-green leaves. Use: Commonly used as a groundcover, Sweet Woodruff has a very sweet scent and is commonly used in potpourris, sachets, and other dried crafts. Look here for advice on plants and hardscape materials. Sweet Woodruff. It was also used as a poultice for wounds and administered as a decoction to treat stomach problems.In Germany, where sweet woodruff is known as “waldmeister” or “master of the woods,” the plant’s leaves lend a distinctive flavor to “Maiwein” or May wine. Sweet woodruff produces delicate white flowers in the spring. The "sweet" part of this delicate-looking beauty's name refers to the refreshing hay-like scent of its leaves and flowers. Sourcebook for Cultivated Living, sister site to @remodelista There are several native species of Galium, but G. odoratum is an Old World species, hardy in USDA Zones 4 to 8. Sweet woodruff can even serve as a kind of living mulch for trees, shrubs and sturdy perennials such as astilbe.InvasivenessWhen planted in a location that suits it, sweet woodruff can become aggressive. DescriptionIn the spring when it is in bloom, sweet woodruff can reach from 6 to 8 inches in height, but later in the season it is only about 4 inches high. Space sweet woodruff 8 to 10 inches apart. Like others of the bedstraws, the narrow leaves are arranged in whorls. Shallow rooted and preferring rich, porous soil, it is a good choice near trees, or in problem areas where there are tree roots or other obstructions, like rocks, close to the soil surface. Receive the Gardenista newsletter in your inbox daily. Judging by DG members' comments on Galium odoratum, people seem to either love or hate sweet woodruff. Propagate by seed, cuttings, division or separation. Further details for Galium odoratum. Space plants about a foot apart. Your comments are welcome, but please be aware that authors of previously published articles may not be able to respond to your questions.). It is not favored by deer. Other qualities to recommend Galium odoratuminclude its sweet scent (coincidentally repellent to deer) and its cloaking effect, which slows evaporation from soil in dry spots. Deer Resistant Edging Rabbit Resistant ... Great with spring bulbs of all kinds, Sweet Woodruff will help to disguise that ugly bulb foliage when it begins to die back in late spring. Should you decide to plant it, give careful thought to its placement, and keep an eye on its spread, particularly after it has had a year or so to get comfortable in your garden. Advertise | You can even mow it with the blades set high. Each delicate stem is a stack of tidy little leaves, arrayed out like a wheel. Media Kit | Plant Name: Convallaria majalis This plant is also edible and makes a great addition to any herb garden. Its fragrant narrow leaves remain light green in color throughout the year. Because of coumarin’s moderate toxicity, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration bans its use as a food additive, however it is specifically cleared for use “in alcoholic beverages only.” 1Other Galiums: Yellow Bedstraw and StickywillyCommonly known species besides Galium odoratum include the yellow-flowered Galium verum, also called yellow bedstraw or lady's bedstraw. In Britain, Galium verum was used to curdle milk and provide color to Double Gloucestershire cheese. Sweet Woodruff is a dense herbaceous evergreen perennial with a ground-hugging habit of growth. The definitive guide to stylish outdoor spaces, with garden tours, hardscape help, plant primers, and daily design news. The seeds have been used as a coffee substitute, the stems used as a strainer for milk and other liquids, and the whole plant used to stuff bedding. Sweet woodruff is a creeping, mat-forming perennial that is commonly used as a ground cover in shady areas, such as in woodland gardens or beneath dense shade trees. Luckily, her parents supported her budding horticultural endeavors, and she's been gardening ever since. This low-growing perennial is native to Europe and Asia, where it scrambles over roadsides and dry banks. Sweet woodruff is a deer-resistant ground c… With starry, white flowers and a well-behaved habit of spreading slowly in sheltered, woodland settings, sweet woodruff is a good-natured perennial ground cover for a shade garden. Remodelista, Gardenista, 10 Easy Pieces, Steal This Look, 5 Quick Fixes, Design Sleuth, High/Low Design, Sourcebook for the Considered Home, and Sourcebook for Considered Living are ® registered trademarks of Remodelista, LLC. [ Home | SOURCEBOOK FOR CONSIDERED LIVING This perennial will quickly suffocate weeds and spread out throughout the garden similar to Japanese Pachysandra. Back to the top plants have 6 to 8 lance-shaped leaves arranged in a swirl. It also has some medicinal uses, though as always you should check with a doctor before using any medical herb. Sun Exposure Partial Shade or Description. How To Plant Your Sweet Woodruff Plants. Deer damage is usually identified by the torn or jagged appearance of branches or twigs. This deer-resistant (poisonous) shade-loving ground cover is a quick spreader. Its vernacular names include woodruff, sweet woodruff, and wild baby's breath; master of the woods would be a literal translation of the German Waldmeister. Contact Us | Resistant to deer and tolerant of black walnut toxicity. Tag us using #gardenista. Among its many nicknames are stickywilly, stickyweed, stickyleaf, cleavers, goosegrass, catchweed and coachweed. Use of this Web site constitutes acceptance of the Terms of Use, Rules, Privacy Policy, and Cookie Policy. Liriope Spicata. Galium OdoratumAlthough most kinds of Galium are weedy growers you would not invite into your border, sweet woodruff is beloved by many gardeners for its fragrance and willingness to grow in shady spots. Sweet Woodruff (Asperula Odorata or Galium Odoratum) - Also known as Our Lady's Lace, this low-growing perennial is versatile and grows well from Sweet Woodruff seeds. This European native forms a low mat and readily survives even our coldest winters. Sweet Woodruff prefers a semi-shady spot that's protected from the sun during the hottest part of the day. Sweet woodruff: Galium odoratum, like catnip, is an aromatic perennial for zones 4 to 8. Galium is closely related to the Asperula family, and in fact plants are sometimes interchangeably categorized. Christian tradition refers to sweet woodruff as “our lady’s lace” or “our lady’s bedstraw,” since by traditional belief it was among the plants scenting and cushioning the Christ Child’s manger. Sweet Woodruff, Galium odoratum: “Woodland Galaxy” The word “sweet” in its common name is a giveaway: Sweet woodruff is the galium to go for when looking to cover the ground with something sweet-natured. Use of this Web site constitutes acceptance of the, Think Green: Foliage as an Alternative to Flowers, U.S. Government Printing Office: Food and Drug Administration - Food Additives Permitted For Direct Addition To Food For Human Consumption (21 CFR 172.510). (Editor's Note: This article was originally published on March 31, 2011. Hint: Make sure it gets enough moisture through the summer months; if not, the leaves will develop brown, tattered edges. Another member of the family, the annual Galium aparine, is native to Eurasia and North America, where it is found in most Canadian provinces and every U.S. state except Hawaii. We love our winter citrus. Native to Europe and Asia. Dried leaves were used to stuff mattresses and placed in closets and drawers to keep moths away from clothing or linens. Sweet woodruff can … Mission | Foliage is bright green when it first emerges, becoming a darker green later in the summer.CultureSweet woodruff, hardy in zones 4 through 8, is easily grown in moist, well-drained soil. Deer should be discouraged immediately when they first appear. Sweet woodruff herb was originally grown for the fresh smell the leaves give off and was used as a type of air freshener. … Sweet Woodruff (Galium odoratum): This perennial herb is well-known for its mat-forming growth habits. Sweet woodruff is not recommended for human or animal consumption. Like others of the bedstraws, the narrow leaves are arranged in … Like most herbs, it requires good drainage and slightly acidic soil. All Gardenista stories—from garden tours and expert advice to hand tools and furniture roundups. Often used as a ground cover, Sweet Woodruff herb plants have whorled leaves and small vanilla-scented white flowers in spring. Your resource for finding the best storage and home organization solutions for every room in the house. This species of ground cover is an excellent deer-resistant ornamental grass. Sweet Woodruff features dainty lightly-scented white star-shaped flowers at the ends of the stems in mid spring. It features small-petaled, scented white flowers in late spring and summer, elegantly rising above a lush carpet of fragrant, lance-shaped, soft emerald-green leaves in whorls. Because the plant’s roots are shallow, it is fairly easy to yank out what you don’t want. Easily divided at almost any time. It transforms problem areas into oases! Lance-shaped leaves are shiny green and grow in whorls around stems that grow up to 12" tall. Gardenista’s members-only directory of landscape architects and garden designers. Be careful to keep it out of direct sunlight, which can damage sweet woodruff’s pinwheel leaves, and don’t confuse it with its weedy, invasive cousin, the eponymously named “sticky weed” (G. aparine). This perennial ground cover is a shade-lover. Sweet woodruff (Asperula) Vince (Vinca) Violet (Viola) Wild strawberry (Fragaria) Willow (Salix) Perennial Vines Not Favored by Deer Akebia (Akebia) Bittersweet (Celastrus) Clematis (Clematis) Grape (Vitus) Honeysuckle (Lonicera) Ivy, Boston (Parthenocissus) Silver lace vine (Polygonum) Trumpet creeper (Campsis) Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus) Other Uses Because sweet woodruff’s scent grows even stronger when the leaves are dried, this herb has historically been used in sachets and potpourris. Tour | Enjoy the sweet scent of lily-of-the-valley every spring, as well as its low-care nature. Planting, Care & Design of Sweet Woodruff, Poinsettias are a holiday staple—but did you kno, Looking for tropical plants for your indoor space, If you garden, you might consider winter to be you, When designer @roseuniacke and her husband purchas, It might feel like dropping temperatures mean the, Hardscaping 101: Ground Covers to Plant Between Pavers, 10 Shade Garden Ideas to Steal from an English Woodland, Announcing Our New Guide to Ground Covers, Landscape Architect Visit: Scott Lewis Turns A Small SF Backyard Into an Urban Oasis, Private Idaho: A Rustic Outdoor Shower in Sun Valley, Dirty Secrets: 9 Ways to Improve Garden Soil, Ask the Expert: Design Tips for a Shady Courtyard Garden, 23 and Me: My Favorite Edible Plants to Grow in Shade, Garden-to-Table Recipe: New Year's Cleanse, Read More on Gardenista About Sweet Woodruff. Sweet woodruff does well in partial to full shade. Sweet woodruff, or Galium odoratum (formerly classified as Asperula odorata), is a low-maintenance perennial long cultivated in shady gardens. Cover the ground beautifully and economically - 32 landscape plugs cost just $3.12 each! Central Phoenix -- I have an Aloe Christmas Carol, ... read more, I just found one upside down on our patio and put him ... read more, Flocks to the suet feeder along with the dozen or so ... read more, Winter is citrus season Sweet Woodruff thrives in practically any soil, except arid desert soil, and can spread aggressively, which is fine in a ground cover, less appealing in the border. About | It is also an edible plant that is said to taste somewhat of vanilla. Meet our editorial team, see our book, and get the inside scoop on upcoming Gardenista events. Galium odoratum (Sweet Woodruff) is a mat-forming perennial that creates a very attractive ground cover in moist, shady areas. The Galium genus includes over 600 species, most of which are known as bedstraw. Sweet woodruff is exceptionally easy to grow and readily adapts to a wide range for soil and moisture conditions. The resulting fruit has tiny hooks on it that catch on the fur of animals who the transport them to new areas where the seeds can grow into new plants. SOURCEBOOK FOR THE CONSIDERED HOME Sweet Woodruff, Galium odoratum, has long been a woodland garden favorite for its elegant beauty. In Ireland, where it is widespread, Galium aparine is called robin-run-the-hedge. Sweet woodruff prefers moist, rich soil in partial to full shade but … Optimal Growing Conditions. Galium or sweet woodruff is a durable deer proof shade loving groundcover providing handsome leaves all season. When crushed or cut, the leaves emit a scent reminiscent of freshly-mown hay. Native to Europe, northern Africa and northern Asia, the plant is also sometimes called sweetscented bedstraw. Camas Sun ⩗ ... Eupatorium Joe-Pye Weed Sun/part shade ⩗ Filipendula Meadowsweet Any ⩗ Galium odoratum Sweet Woodruff Part shade/shade Gunnera manicata Gunnera Part shade/shade ⩗ Hemerocallis Daylily Sun ⩗ Heading somewhere? Browse our collection of more than 2,000 plants and seeds, which can be ordered directly from our favorite shops and growers. © 2020 MH Sub I, LLC dba Internet Brands Trailing-rooting ground covers have trailing stems that spread out from a central root system. If you’re looking for a perennial ground cover to complement silvery or gray foliage in a shady spot, sweet woodruff should be at the top of your list; for more choices, see our design and growing guides to Lungwort, Coral Bells, and Bugleweed. Plan your trip with our destination guides to our favorite public gardens, hotels, restaurants, and shops. In medieval times, sweet woodruff was hung or strewn in churches on Whitsunday and Saint Barnabas Day. After spending 28 years as a teacher and librarian, Gwen Bruno is now a full-time freelance writer residing in suburban Chicago. Partial to full shade. All rights reserved. The leaves are steeped in a white wine such as Riesling; often brandy, sparkling wine, sugar and fruit are added to create a punch intended to welcome the arrival of spring. We have 200 guides on everything from fences to foxgloves. Herbaceous perennial. It has a white bloom and reaches 8 to 12 inches in height (with a slightly greater width). When crushed or cut, the leaves emit a scent reminiscent of freshly-mown hay. Sweet Woodruff (A) Thyme (A) This care sheet and more information is available on our website at 3/19 PROTECT YOUR PLANTS Here are a few options to protect deer … Photo by Blanca Begert. Sweet woodruff and other Galiums are members of the madder or Rubiaceae family, and native to temperate zones throughout the northern and southern hemispheres. Starting from scratch or upgrading an outdoor space? See more ideas about Sweet woodruff, Woodruff, Plants. Leaves and stems have a vanilla-like odor when dried. The foliage is deer resistant. I often recommend sweet woodruff as a choice for those looking to cover steep slopes quickly, or for folks who need a deer-resistant ground cover. Sweet woodruff is not shy about vigor. The fruit is not ornamentally significant. (Galium odoratum) A classic woodland plant native to Europe with a light, airy feel. Toxicity Coumarin, the chemical responsible for the pleasant odor of sweet woodruff, has long been used as a fixative in perfumes, as well as a flavor-enhancing ingredient in tobaccos. Galium odoratum (sweet woodruff) in bloom in May. Sweet Woodruff is a dense herbaceous evergreen perennial with a ground-hugging habit of growth. See our obsessively curated catalog of favorite products sourced by the Gardenista editors. In the spring when it is in bloom, sweet woodruff can reach from 6 to 8 inches in height, but later in the season it is only about 4 inches high. Galium odoratum Description. Sweet Woodruff is adapted to grow in the shade, but it will thrive in full sun as well. Fast growth 6 to 12 inches tall, spreading indefinitely. With starry, white flowers and a well-behaved habit of spreading slowly in sheltered, woodland settings, sweet woodruff is a good-natured perennial ground cover for a shade garden. ... read more. You might also try it as an edging plant, or tuck it in the crevices of a patio or walkway. Sweet woodruff grows best in a shady or partially shady location with slightly moist, well-drained soil. A vigorous and spreading groundcover for a woodland or shade setting; attractive whorled foliage and tiny white flowers in spring; prefers organic, slightly acidic soils; tough yet quite delicate-looking, putty in the hands of a talented garden designer Do Not Sell My Personal Information] ... Sweet woodruff Galium odoratum. Sow the seeds in the spring (note that if your are saving the sweet woodruff seeds for the next year, then the current years crop of seed would be fully ripe in July/August, the percentage of seeds to germinate can be increased by exposing the seeds to the cold. In medieval times, yellow bedstraw provided a pleasant-smelling stuffing for mattresses.